Államtudományi és Nemzetközi Tanulmányok Kar

War and Peace Conference (2022)

War and Peace in the 21st Century
– The Lifecycle of Modern Armed Conflicts


The conference is dedicated to the memory of Ms. Ekaterina Kosiuk.


Date: 23 September 2022 9:30-16:30

Venue: Orczy building, ground floor, rooms A-D, Orczy road 1., Budapest, 1089

Final version of the conference programme



9:30-10:00: Registration

10:00-12:00 Plenary session

12:00-13:00 Lunch

13:00-14:30 First round of panels  

14:30-15:00 Coffee break

15:00-16:30 Second round of panels


10:00-12:00 Plenary session; chair: Norbert Tóth, Head of Department, Department of International Law, Ludovika – University of Public Service (UPS)


Official opening

Boglárka Koller

Vice-Rector for International Affairs, UPS


International law in the face of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict

Réka Varga

Dean, UPS


Challenging the validity of the Russian self-defense argument

Olivier Corten

Université libre de Bruxelles


Peace and International Law: Evidences and Contradictions

Romain LeBoeuf

Université d’Aix-Marseille


Self-determination of the Ukrainian people and Russia's aggression

Pietro Pustorino

Universitá Luiss Guido Carli


Is International Law fit for the 21st Century Armed Conflicts?

Vasilka Sancin

University of Ljubljana


12:00-13:00 Lunch


13:00-14:30 First round of panels
(4 panels – 15 minute presentations with 15-30 minutes for Q&A and debate afterwards depending on the number of presenters)

A.) Ius ad bellum - Chair: Balázs Vizi

Responsibility to Protect versus State Sovereignty

Elvina Jusufaj

Aleksander Moisiu University, Durres, Albania 

Arms supplies and support to belligerent states in the 21st Century: “Less than neutrality, more than non-recognition”

Francesco Paolo Levantino

Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy

Reparations for violations of ius ad bellum; the state of the field

Steven van de Put

Maastricht University/Netherlands Defence Academy

A Critical Analysis of Self-Defence under International Law in the 21st Century

Anandita Rajesh; Nithish Balaji

Christ (Deemed to be) University, Bengaluru, India


B.) Actions in Cyberspace, IHL - Chair: András Hárs

Cyber-attacks: self defence under jus ad bellum

Iris Anastasiadou

British Institute of International and Comparative Law, London, United Kingdom

Cyber Actions and the Existence of an Armed Conflict in International Humanitarian Law

Tamás Hoffmann

Corvinus University of Budapest / Centre for Social Sciences Institute for Legal Studies

Armed conflicts in the cyber domain: attacks and the applicability of international humanitarian law

Bence Kis Kelemen

University of Pécs, Hungary

Command Responsibility and Autonomous Weapon Systems: A New Approach to the Superior-Subordinate Relationship

Fiona Middleton

University of Sheffield, United Kingdom


C.) The Russia-Ukraine Armed Conflict – Chair: Réka Varga

The legal analysis of Russia’s justifications for using force against Ukraine in the mirror of the United Nations Charter

Mohammad Alipour

University of Szeged, Hungary

International Law as Resistance: Considering the Implications of Territorial Concessions in Ukraine

Kenneth Chan

Walther Schücking Institute for International Law, University of Kiel, Germany

OSCE operational capacities used in the Donbas conflict and their assessment

Julia Kołodziejska

Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland

Russia’s aggression of Ukraine: an opportunity for the UN Charter

Giulia Pecorella

Middlesex University, London, United Kingdom

Responsibility for invading Ukraine: Can the ICC and the ICJ set a precedent to hold responsible Russia and its president for aggression?


Zénó Suller

Péter Pázmány Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary


D.) From theory to the level of individuals - Chair: Melinda Szappanyos

A Revisit to the Islamic Inter-Polity Legal Theory

Salar Abbasi

Universidade Catolica Portuguesa, Lisbon

Overpowering the enemy – Weakening the law's restrictions

Anna Evangelidi

University of Haifa, Israel

The Implications of the War in Ukraine: May Self-Defense Preclude Investment Arbitration Liability?

Ivan Levy  

Morgan Lewis LLP, Frankfurt, Germany

Legal Consequences of Nationalization of Privately Owned Foreign Assets as a Consequence of Armed Conflict

Job Owiro 

Kenya School of Law, Nairobi, Kenya

The right to self-determination as a pretext for armed conflicts

Ekaterina Kosiuk

University of Public Service, Budapest, Hungary


14:30-15:00 Coffee break


15:00-16:30 Second round of panels
(4 panels – 15 minute presentations with 15-30 minutes for Q&A and debate afterwards depending on the number of presenters)


A.) International Courts and Tribunals - Chair: Noémi Nagy

An Ensemble Cast: In Search of the Best Combination of Tribunals

Tamás Vincze Ádány

Péter Pázmány Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary

ICC and Limits of Universal Jurisdiction: The Case of Crimes against Humanity

Nergis Canefe

York University, Toronto, Canada

The Right to Property and International Humanitarian Law Before the ECtHR: Can you Buyout Peace?

Andreas Piperides

University of Glasgow

The International Criminal Court’s deterrent value amidst distance, disengagement and double standards

B. Aloka Wanigasuriya

University of Newcastle, Australia


B.) Seeking peace through law - Chair: Norbert Tóth

“The Delights and Dangers of Ambiguity”: the international legal status of nuclear weapons in the 21st Century

João Francisco Diogo

Nova Law School, Lisbon, Portugal

Peace Treaties and their Implementation in the Abyei-Darfur-South Sudan Triangle

András Hárs

University of Public Service, Budapest, Hungary

„LAW NOT WAR“ – the mechanisms for achieving accountability for atrocities committed in the context of the situation in Ukraine

Lilla Ozoráková

Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia

Social fragmentation: the main obstacle of the united Somalia

Tibor Pintér

University of Szeged, Hungary

The legal effect of international armed conflicts on treaties in the 21st century

Anikó Szalai

University of Szeged, Hungary


C.) Ius in bello - Chair: Réka Varga

Moving crimes against cultural property up the hierarchy of humanitarian law and international criminal law: backlash and weaponization

Rémi Fuhrmann

University of Glasgow, Scotland

Mercenaries or Combatants? The legal status and challenges of volunteer fighters

Priscilla Denisse Coria Palomino

Pontifical Catholic University of Peru

Information Warfare and its Impact on Civilians

Kaustubh Anil Shakkarwar;

Symbiosis Law School, Pune, India

Reparation for Victims of Human Rights Abuses and Violations of International Humanitarian Law attributable to Private Military and Security Companies Personnel

František Tóth

Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic;
Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic


D.) Refugees and the environment - Chair: Valéria Horváth

The Protection of the Environment in Relation to Armed Conflicts: New Developments and Their Practical Implications

Olivia Flasch

United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials; UN International Law Commission

Refugees from Armed Conflicts: Potential and Limits of the Temporary Protection Doctrine

Salvatore F. Nicolosi

Utrecht University, The Netherlands

Armed conflicts in the 21st Century, Refugee Crisis and EU's response

Lydia Papagiannopoulou 

Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece

Ecocide legislation at crossroads – mirage or solution?

Orsolya Johanna Sziebig

University of Szeged, Hungary







Call for Applications




The Department of International Law at Ludovika – University of Public Service, Budapest, Hungary cordially invites you to a conference themed:


War and Peace in the 21st Century –

The Lifecycle of Modern Armed Conflicts


23 September 2022

Venue: Ludovika Campus (Budapest, Hungary)


Keynote speakers

Olivier Corten – Université Libre de Bruxelles

Romain Le Boeuf – Université d’Aix-Marseille

Pietro Pustorino – Università Luiss Guido Carli

Vasilka Sancin – University of Ljubljana



Please submit applications by sending an abstract of 150-300 words on the proposed topic of the presentation and article to the following address:

Deadline: 15 July 2022

Applicants will be notified of the success of their submissions by 15 August. Abstracts from the field of public international law will be given priority.
Publication option available for conference attendees.



Concept Note


Theme of the conference

It has been a longstanding belief that armed conflicts in their traditional sense are spectres of the past. However, in February 2022, the unthinkable happened: one state has used its armed force to attack another on the continent of Europe. The war between Russia and Ukraine has reignited old debates on the right to wage war (ius ad bellum) as well as rules to abide by in an armed conflict (ius in bello) along with their ramifications in international criminal law. The conference aims not only to provide a platform for these notions but to also delve deeper into how conflicts can be prevented and resolved, either through diplomatic or judicial methods and how modern peace treaties can be envisioned.


Suggested Topics (non-exhaustive list)

·        Legal background and enforcement of ius ad bellum/ius contra bellum

·        The validity of self-defence argumentation

·        Atrocity prevention in war-time reasoning

·        Applicability of humanitarian intervention and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)

·        Current violations of ius in bello

·        The ‘nuclear option’ in armed conflicts

·        Armed conflicts and refugees

·        Peace treaties and their legal nature

·        Peacekeeping initiatives

·        International crimes and how to decide whether they are committed

·        Crime of aggression and possible first cases

·        Relevance of the International Criminal Court and its possible deterrent effect


Important Dates

15 July: deadline for abstract submissions

15 August: notification of applicants

23 September: conference

31 December: submission of manuscripts